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A cylindrical projection can be imagined in its simplest form as a cylinder that has Transverse Mercator projections result from projecting the sphere onto a. Strangely enough, you see cylindrical projections like the Mercator and Miller for wall maps even though it inflates the Arctic. But it makes sense. Schematic cross-section diagrams of selected perspective cylindrical projections at the same scaling factor show differences in the map's size (infinite in one.


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Map Projections: Perspective Cylindrical Projections

In the discussions below, this great circle is sometimes referred to as EQ. Rot is the angle between North at the map's center and the v-axis which is perpendicular to the cylindrical map projection circle.


The cylinder is cut along the line parallel to the cylindrical map projection and passing through the point diametrically opposite to C. It is then rolled out to form a plane.

The cylindrical projections in IDL include: Transverse Mercator Transverse Mercator projections result from projecting the sphere onto a cylinder tangent to a central meridian. cylindrical map projection


Transverse Mercator maps are often used to portray areas cylindrical map projection larger north-south than east-west extent. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions.

Cylindrical Projection: Mercator, Transverse Mercator and Miller - GIS Geography

In the equatorial — the most common, and frequently the only useful — aspect of all cylindrical projections: Rolling a rectangular map and joining two opposite cylindrical map projection creates a tube, or a cylinder without end caps.

In fact, some cylindrical projections are geometrically derived from closely fitting a tube around a sphere; the former cylindrical map projection be secant or tangent, and as a result two parallels or the Equator, respectively, are standard lines.

All cylindrical projections are remarkably similar, being in fact only distinguished by parallel spacing. Conformal projections preserve angles around all locations.

Cylindrical equal-area projection

Because the linear scale of a Mercator map increases with latitude, it cylindrical map projection the size of geographical objects far from the equator and conveys a distorted perception of the overall geometry of the planet. A Mercator map can therefore never fully show the polar areas as long cylindrical map projection the projection is based on a cylinder centered on the Earth's rotation axis; see the transverse Mercator projection for another application.

All lines of constant bearing rhumbs or loxodromes—those making constant angles with the meridians are represented by straight segments on a Mercator map.

The two properties, conformality and straight rhumb lines, make this projection uniquely suited to marine navigation: Although the method of construction is not explained by the author, Mercator probably used a graphical method, transferring some rhumb lines previously plotted on a globe to a square graticule grid formed by lines of latitude and longitudeand then adjusting the spacing between parallels so that those lines became straight, making the same angle with the meridians as in the globe.

Mercator projection - Wikipedia

The source may also be located infinitely away, making rays parallel. In contrast, other cylindrical projections like the equidistant cylindricalMiller and Mercator have conventional graticules defined arbitrarily, not by a light source analogy. Lambert's Cylindrical Equal-Area Projection Lambert's equal-area cylindrical map Cylindrical map projection equal-area projection on a tangent cylinder — making the Equator a standard parallel in the normal aspect — was rigorously defined by Johann H.

Lambert in both equatorial and transverse cylindrical map projection, among several other projections It preserves areas by progressively compressing parallels away from the Equator in order to compensate horizontal scale exaggeration.

Still, only the Equator is free of shape distortion. This projection is sometimes associated with Archimedes, but this is probably a confusion originated from his diagram of volumes of a sphere and a circumscribed cylinder.