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Shunt infection rates per patient range from 10% to 22% and around % per procedure, with 90% of infections occurring within 30 days of  ‎Introduction · ‎Immune response to · ‎Treatment · ‎Prevention. Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) infections are a recognized problem in healthcare, causing ventriculoperitoneal shunt infection and. 30 patients shunt infections. • Group A underwent shunt removal, systemic antibiotics and either external ventricular drainage or daily intermittent ventricular.


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Accessed February 12, Cerebrospinal fluid shunt infection. A review of 35 infections in 32 patients.


Early diagnosis shunt infection ventriculoperitoneal shunt infections and malfunctions in children with hydrocephalus. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. A standardized protocol to reduce cerebrospinal fluid shunt infection: Vancomycin use in pediatric neurosurgery patients.


Am J Infect Control. Clinical practice guidelines for antimicrobial prophylaxis in surgery. Shunt infection J Health-Syst Pharm. Cerebrospinal shunt infection in patients receiving antibiotic-impregnated versus standard shunts.

Pharmacology of Shunt Infections

Hospital costs associated with shunt infections in patients receiving antibiotic-impregnated shunt shunt infection versus standard shunt catheters.

Effect of antibiotic-impregnated shunt catheters in decreasing the incidence of shunt infection shunt infection the treatment of hydrocephalus.

  • Treatment of cerebrospinal fluid shunt infections: a decision analysis.
  • Treatment of cerebrospinal fluid shunt infections: a decision analysis.
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  • Ventricular shunt infections: Immunopathogenesis and clinical management

Strategies to decrease the risk of ventricular catheter infections: Linezolid shunt infection of shunt-related cerebrospinal fluid infections in children. Practice guidelines for the management of bacterial meningitis. N Engl J Med.

Ventricular shunt infections: Immunopathogenesis and clinical management

Penetration of fusidic acid and rifampicin into cerebrospinal fluid in low grade inflammatory meningitis caused by Staphylococcus epidermidis. Antimicrobial prophylaxis for surgery.

Shunt infection Guidel Med Lett. Reinfection following initial cerebrospinal fluid shunt infection.

Treatment of cerebrospinal fluid shunt infections: Shunt infection fluid shunts transfer cerebrospinal fluid CSF from the lateral ventricles in the brain to the peritoneum ventriculoperitoneal shunt or the right atrium shunt infection shunt via subcutaneous Silastic tubing.

As with any implanted foreign body, infection is shunt infection serious complication. Although there are several therapeutic modalities currently used for the treatment of shunt infections, controversy remains as to which is best given that there has been only one randomized trial comparing their effectiveness.

Pharmacology of Shunt Infections

Complications include loss of intelligence quotient IQ and increased seizure risk, shunt infection of which occur via mechanisms that have yet to be defined Vinchon, DhellemmesSato et al. This may be due to neuronal death as a direct result of infection or may be a consequence of inflammation shunt infection the central nervous system CNS due to the infection.


These events are mostly attributable to normal skin shunt infection such as coagulase-negative staphylococci, S. Risk factors for infection include young age, frequent revisions and causes of hydrocephalus such as post-infectious hydrocephalus, posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus or hydrocephalus due to spina bifida or other neurologic defects resulting in communication of the CSF with skin Kebriaei et al.

Rates of shunt infection have also been reported to be influenced by potentially modifiable factors, including length of hospital stay, number of revisions per patient, surgeon's experience, surgical technique, duration of shunt infection, manipulation of the indwelling device during surgery, and health insurance Simon et al.

Similar results were found by Pirotte et al.